Burgerbeweging anno 1965 (Rosa Parks) - anno 2005 ( tegen de inmenging van de VS in Irak) - een vergelijking


Rosa Parks en burgerlijke ongehoorzaamheid.






Rosa Parks heeft nog een laatste maal  het nieuws gehaald. Ditmaal niet door iets te doen  wat zgz.‘niet hoorde’ zoals toen in 1965 nl. door te  blijven zitten in de bus ook al stapt een blanke op, maar nu door te doen wat ons allen (uiteindelijk) gelijk maakt: sterven. ¨Parks is ook mede bekend door die machtige speech van M.L. King :  M.L.King’s entrance into the Civil Rights Movement… King vermeldt daar haar naam als die moedige vrouw die tegen onrecht opstond. 


Het volgende  audiofragment  bevat die beroemde redevoering van King ( samen met alle bevestigingen van de toehoorders en kreten van de kerk als achtergrond) en  komt nog altijd zeer krachtig over. De bijgevoegde transcriptie hoeft eigenlijk niet, maar wordt hier bijgevoegd om de audiotekst toegankelijker te maken.


Het originele  audiofragment (zéér de moeite) hier als streaming voor Realplayer:  http://www.hpol.org/mlk/civil-rights-1966.ram


Hier  de transcriptie van bovenstaand audiofragment:


But one day after finishing school, I was called to a little church down in Montgomery, Alabama, and I started preaching there. Things were going well in that church; it was a marvelous experience. But one day a year later, a lady by the name of Rosa Parks decided that she wasn’t going to take it any longer. She stayed in a bus seat, and you may not remember it because (I do) it’s way back now several years, but it was the beginning of a movement where fifty thousand black men and women refused absolutely to ride the city buses. And we walked together for 381 days. (Yes, sir) That’s what we got to learn in the North: Negroes have to learn to stick together. We stuck together. [applause] We sent out the call and no Negro rode the buses. It was one of the most amazing things I’ve ever seen in my life. And the people of Montgomery asked me to serve as the spokesman, and as the president of the new organization—the Montgomery Improvement Association that came into being to lead the boycott—I couldn’t say no. And then we started our struggle together. (Yeah)
Things were going well for the first few days, but then about ten or fifteen days later, after the white people in Montgomery knew that we meant business, they started doing some nasty things. (Yes) They started making nasty telephone calls, and it came to the point that some days more than forty telephone calls would come in, threatening my life, the life of my family, the life of my children. I took it for a while in a strong manner.
But I never will forget one night very late. It was around midnight. And you can have some strange experiences at midnight. (Yes, sir) I had been out meeting with the steering committee all that night. And I came home, and my wife was in the bed and I immediately crawled into bed to get some rest to get up early the next morning to try to keep things going. And immediately the telephone started ringing and I picked it up. On the other end was an ugly voice. That voice said to me, in substance, "Nigger, we are tired of you and your mess now. And if you aren’t out of this town in three days, we’re going to blow your brains out and blow up your house." (Lord Jesus)
I’d heard these things before, but for some reason that night it got to me. I turned over and I tried to go to sleep, but I couldn’t sleep. (Yes) I was frustrated, bewildered. And then I got up and went back to the kitchen and I started warming some coffee, thinking that coffee would give me a little relief. And then I started thinking about many things. I pulled back on the theology and philosophy that I had just studied in the universities, trying to give philosophical and theological reasons for the existence and the reality of sin and evil, but the answer didn’t quite come there. I sat there and thought about a beautiful little daughter who had just been born about a month earlier. We have four children now, but we only had one then. She was the darling of my life. I’d come in night after night and see that little gentle smile. And I sat at that table thinking about that little girl and thinking about the fact that she could be taken away from me any minute. (Go ahead) And I started thinking about a dedicated, devoted, and loyal wife who was over there asleep. (Yes) And she could be taken from me, or I could be taken from her. And I got to the point that I couldn’t take it any longer; I was weak. (Yes)
Something said to me, you can’t call on Daddy now, he’s up in Atlanta a hundred and seventy-five miles away. (Yes) You can’t even call on Mama now. (My Lord) You’ve got to call on that something in that person that your Daddy used to tell you about. (Yes) That power that can make a way out of no way. (Yes) And I discovered then that religion had to become real to me and I had to know God for myself. (Yes, sir) And I bowed down over that cup of coffee—I never will forget it. (Yes, sir) And oh yes, I prayed a prayer and I prayed out loud that night. (Yes) I said, "Lord, I’m down here trying to do what’s right. (Yes) I think I’m right; I think the cause that we represent is right. (Yes) But Lord, I must confess that I’m weak now; I’m faltering; I’m losing my courage. (Yes) And it seemed at that moment that I could hear an inner voice saying to me, (Yes) "Martin Luther, (Yes) stand up for righteousness, (Yes) stand up for justice, (Yes) stand up for truth. (Yes) And lo I will be with you, (Yes) even until the end of the world."
And I’ll tell you, I’ve seen the lightning flash. I’ve heard the thunder roll. I felt sin- breakers dashing, trying to conquer my soul. But I heard the voice of Jesus saying still to fight on. He promised never to leave me, never to leave me alone. No, never alone. No, never alone. He promised never to leave me, (Never) never to leave me alone.
 "Sometimes (Yeah) I feel discouraged." (Yes)
And I don’t mind telling you this morning that sometimes I feel discouraged. (All right) I felt discouraged in Chicago. As I move through Mississippi and Georgia and Alabama, I feel discouraged. (Yes, sir) Living every day under the threat of death, I feel discouraged sometimes. Living every day under extensive criticisms, even from Negroes, I feel discouraged sometimes. [applause] Yes, sometimes I feel discouraged and feel my work’s in vain. But then the holy spirit (Yes) revives my soul again. "There is a balm in Gilead to make the wounded whole. There is a balm in Gilead to heal the sin-sick soul." God bless you. [applause]
Delivered at Mount Pisgah Missionary Baptist Church, Chicago, Illinois, on 27 August 1967.

(ontleend van : http://members.fortunecity.com/roh4/id50.htm )


M.L. King sprak vanuit een visie die  de wereld wou veranderen. Luister bvb. naar:



Een aantal speeches van King vind je op:




Burgerlijke ongehoorzaamheid anno 2005…. Een verschil?

Bekijk volgend protestfilmpje met als titel  A Day of Civil Disobedience 26/9/05



18:58 Gepost door doeterniettoe | Permalink | Commentaren (0) |  Facebook |

De commentaren zijn gesloten.